Neurohormones are a class of hormones which are manufactured by neuroendocrine cells. These hormones are released into the bloodstream, and also can perform as neurotransmitters in the brain. In this case, hypophysiotropic or hypothalamic hormones are processed in the hypothalamus and transported to axon terminals for release through the pituitary gland. Dopamine, Epinephrine, Norepinephrine, and Oxytocin are some of the most well-known examples.
These hormones have various specialized effects, including the stimulation of cellular growth, stress responses, fight or flight responses, emotional balancing, energy, and a host of cognitive effects. Benefits include stabilizing mood, the perception of alert energy, restoring sleep/wake cycles, and heightened concentration.